The Birth of PowerPoint and Added Microsoft Office Apps
Microsoft acquired PowerPoint in 1987 from a Mac software developer Forethought. That aggregation was additionally the benefactor of Nashoba’s FileMaker database, and endemic the FileMaker business accessory and documentation. Microsoft had been abominably aggressive adjoin FileMaker with its own Microsoft File. In adjustment to advance its abundance software offerings, Microsoft dumped File and entered talks to access FileMaker from Nashoba, as declared in FileMaker Early History.
However, afterwards assault Microsoft in the marketplace, Nashoba chose to broadcast its added accepted FileMaker artefact independently, although it had to clutter to advance new packaging and affidavit to do so. That aforementioned year, Apple spun off its desktop applications into the new Claris subsidiary. Claris again bought Nashoba began porting FileMaker to Windows. Had Nashoba instead awash FileMaker to Microsoft, the history of Microsoft Office, Claris, and FileMaker would be absolutely different.
Project, FoxPro, Access, and Visio
By 1990, Microsoft had appear Word, Excel, and PowerPoint beneath the new name Microsoft Office, aboriginal on the Mac and afterwards for Windows. The afterward year, Microsoft appear Activity for the Mac. It connected development of Activity for Macs up until 1993, back the aggregation began alive all of its efforts into Windows. Even afterwards Microsoft alternate to the Mac in 1997, no new adaptation of Activity was anytime appear by the Mac Business Unit, and the old versions do not run natively on Mac OS X.
Microsoft still capital to accommodate database software in Office, so it acquired Fox Software in 1992; that aggregation had cloned Ashton-Tate’s accepted dBASE artefact beneath the name FoxBASE, which was afterwards renamed FoxPro. The artefact was accepted on both DOS and the Mac, and Fox was in the action of porting it to Windows back Microsoft acquired it. While it was never included in Office, Microsoft connected to abutment new versions of FoxPro on the Mac and Windows through 1995. In the additional bisected of the 90s, it was renamed Visual FoxPro afterwards actuality bankrupt into Microsoft’s Visual Studio developer accoutrement for Windows, which includes Visual Basic. This year, Microsoft discontinued Visual FoxPro entirely.
Microsoft additionally began affairs its own database artefact alleged Access in 1992, which was never ported to the Mac. This was acceptable because Microsoft was already affairs FoxPro for Macs. Amid the aeon back Microsoft chock-full development of Office applications on the Mac in 1994 and the reintroduction of Office for Mac in 1998, FoxPro for Mac died but there was no new attempts fabricated to anchorage Access to the Mac. By that time, Claris’ FileMaker Pro was already a able artefact on the Mac, and Microsoft bent that there wasn’t a ample abundant Mac database bazaar to action over.
In 1998, Apple after dismantled the charcoal of Claris and again reestablished FileMaker, Inc. as a new subsidiary. Unlike competitors to Chat or Excel, FileMaker Pro has been able to advance antagonism adjoin Access in allotment because Microsoft alone includes Access with the added big-ticket versions of Office and does not action a Mac version. Without the abetment of bundling, Access has not been able to displace FileMaker. The aggregation advertises FileMaker Pro as the best accepted desktop database product, and Microsoft’s Mac adaptation of Office offers abutment for accessing abstracts from FileMaker appliance Excel. There are additionally third affair accoutrement for alive with abstracts in Access from the Mac. FileMaker additionally aloof appear a new customer database artefact alleged Bento, previewed in Aboriginal Look: FileMaker’s Bento claimed database for Leopard.
In 2000, Microsoft paid $1.3 billion to access Visio Corporation, which had delivered a carbon of the Lighthouse Design Diagram! appliance for NeXTSTEP. The Omni Group delivered a agnate artefact for the Mac alleged OmniGraffle (below), which Apple bundles on new Macs. Omni additionally offers a pro version, which can accessible and save Visio 2007 documents, abrogation little acumen to appetite a anchorage of Visio in Mac Office.
Along the aforementioned lines, Marware’s Activity X (below) provides activity administration software accordant with Microsoft’s Activity files but developed accurately to booty advantage of appearance in Mac OS X, abrogation little appeal for a Mac adaptation of Project.
The Culture of Microsoft PowerPoint
Those developments larboard the MacBU to apply on alone carrying the absolute articles aural Mac Office 2008: Word, Excel, PowerPoint, and Entourage. Both Chat and Excel bear appearance missing from added Mac tools, and Entourage exists primarily to serve as an Exchange Server mail applicant for Mac users in accumulated settings. PowerPoint serves added as a placeholder propping up convention.
While Chat and Excel both followed accustomed software roles in chat processing and spreadsheets, PowerPoint was an absolutely new abstraction in desktop software back it appeared in the backward 80s. PowerPoint is advised to serve as a basic accelerate projector, authoritative it accessible to present visuals while speaking. Over the aftermost twenty years, “powerpoint” has become a accepted appellation for presentation slides.
Yale University assistant Edward Tufte has become an abrupt analyzer of accepted elements of PowerPoint presentations, decidedly because the average encourages the oversimplification of facts through the use of ammo points. Charts and added cartoon frequently abbreviate detail for readability, and the bound templates in PowerPoint tend to accomplish affairs and presentations arid and homogenized, while at the aforementioned time arresting the absorption of the admirers rather than absorption it on the apostle and the message.
Competition for PowerPoint
By the absolution of Office v.X in 2002, PowerPoint had collapsed into a rut; neither it nor the Office 2003 adaptation for Windows absolutely offered annihilation new. In 2003, Apple appear Keynote as its own new presentation tool. In accession to added adult cartoon and argument alteration tools, Keynote additionally revamped the all-embracing interface.
It added a mini accelerate examination in a aftereffect that accurate annoyance and bead reordering of slides, as able-bodied as articulation alignment appearance appliance biconcave accelerate sections that could be hidden appliance acknowledgment triangles. Hidden groups of slides are skipped during the presentation.
Keynote additionally apparent the avant-garde appearance of Mac OS X’s Quartz Cartoon to accomplish it accessible to actualize bendable bead caliginosity and use chargeless rotation, angel masks, translucency, and reflections on placed objects, as able-bodied as enabling avant-garde alteration furnishings amid slides. It additionally presented automated accession guidelines to accomplish it easier to centermost or adjust argument and cartoon on the slide. With a additional affectation absorbed to a laptop, the presenter could additionally absolute their presentation to a projector while watching a presentation timer, account notes, and seeing a examination of the abutting accelerate on their capital screen.
Following the absolution of Keynote 1.0, Microsoft badly bigger PowerPoint in Office 2004. However, some of the akin appearance of Keynote were accountable by added factors accompanying to Office. For example, while PowerPoint 2004 added bendable bead caliginosity like Keynote’s, they weren’t accordant with the Windows adaptation of PowerPoint. Microsoft additionally added a hundred new arrangement designs and added transitions in PowerPoint 2004, although these were far simpler than the abate cardinal of able designs Apple included with Keynote.
Since the absolution of Office 2004, Apple has alien three added revisions of Keynote. The latest added nine new themes, articulation over account features, motion aisle animations, Smart Builds for automatically abacus action to photos, new argument and alteration effects, and the Instant Alpha apparatus for extracting backgrounds from photos.
On folio 2 of 3: New in PowerPoint 2008: User Interface; PowerPoint Templates; PowerPoint Transitions; PowerPoint Tables; and PowerPoint Charts.
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